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    Friday, March 27, 2015

    About Batak Tribes Indonesia

    Duniacare-About Batak Tribes Indonesia.As we know and hope you are know that Indonesia have so much kinds of Tribes.One of others most familiar tribes in Indonesia is Batak Tribes.Here we share all about Batak Tribes.

    Batak tribe is one of the tribes of Indonesia located in North Sumatra. Name Batak is a collective theme to identify some of the tribes who live and come from Tapanuli and East Sumatra. Ethnic groups are categorized into Batak Toba Batak tribe, namely, Batak Karo Batak Pakpak, Simelungun Batak, Batak Angkola, and Batak Mandailing.

    A wife of a pastor's son named Siti Omas Batak Toba Manurutng stated, that before the arrival of the Dutch are all good people and Simelungun Karo Batak acknowledge him as. Then the Dutch who have made separation of these groups after the Dutch came to the land of Batak. Thus, the term "Batak" and "Batak people" created by foreigners.

    However, most of the Karo, Angkola, and Mandailaing do not want to call himself a Batak tribe because in general the term "Batak" looked down upon by other nations. Most people do not want to Tapanuli also called the Batak because of religious differences are most striking in the Batak people.

    Batak tribe known by many genera are taken from the male lineage. These lines will be passed on to succeeding generations. The clan became a symbol for family Batak. According to the beliefs of the nation Batak, Batak clan master starts from Si Raja Batak is believed to be the origin of the Batak. Si Raja Batak had two sons, namely Master Tatea Moon and The King Isumbaon.


    Many versions that mention the origins of the Batak. Some say the Batak peoples originated from Thailand, a descendant of Proto Malayan nation. This nation is a tribe who live on the border of Burma and Siam or Thailand. For thousands of years, the people of Batak also live with Proto Malayan descent, such as the Karen, Igorot, Toraja, Bontoc, Ranau, Meo, Tayal and Wajo.

    The Malayan Proto never colonized by the Mongoloid. Then they split into various regions and countries. For example, in Sulawesi Toraja land, nation Tayal fled to Taiwan, and the nation Ranau landed in West Sumatra. While Batak landed on the west coast of Sumatra island. There Batak tribe split into several waves. The first wave sailed and landed on the islands simular, Nias, Stone, Mentawai, Siberut to Enggano in South Sumatra.

    The second wave landed at the mouth of the river Simpang, now Singkil. They move along the river Simpang Kiri and settled in Kutacane. From there they occupied throughout the highlands. That is the people Gayo and Alas.

    The third wave landed at the mouth of the River Sorkam, between Barus and Siboga. Into rural areas now known as Doloksanggul and later settled at the foot of Mount Pusuk Buhit, on the shores of Lake Toba west. From there it evolved and eventually occupied the land of Batak.

    There is another version that says, Batak originated from India through Barus traveled to the South to live on the edge of Lake Toba in the 6th century. Barus is a region in Central Tapanuli, North Sumatra. People who of India had set up in the city of trade and commerce Barus. Barus name itself is merchandise which they trade, namely lime Barus.

    Kapur Barus of the Batak land of high quality so that it becomes one of the export commodities in addition to incense. In the 10th century, Barus attacked by Srivijaya. This led to the expulsion of the merchants of Indian Tamil origin from the coast of Sumatra. In subsequent periods, trade lime Barus start controlled by the Minangkabau merchants established a colony in the west and the east coast of North Sumatra.

    Art Batak Tribes

    Among the cultural elements owned Batak tribe is art. Tor-tor dance is art owned by the Batak tribe. This dance is magical. There is another twelve Dance serampang purely entertainment. While the traditional musical instrument is Gong and Saga-saga. As for the cultural heritage in the form of fabric is fabric Ulos. Fabric woven handicrafts Batak tribe is always displayed in the marriage ceremony, to build the house, funerals, handing inheritance, welcomes guests and the ceremony that honored the Tor-Tor dance.

    Religion Batak Tribes

    Batak nation has its own belief system, especially in rural areas still retain religion or belief system tersbeut. Batak people have a conception, that the universe and its contents are created by Debeta At So Na balloon. He lived in the sky and have the names in accordance with the duties and position. However, currently the nation's dominant religion is Islam and Christian Batak. But Christianity is the majority religion Batak tribe today.

    Entrance area and the spread of Islam is the hobo south. While Christian deployment area covers the northern part of the area is the hobo. Islamization in Batak conducted by the merchants of the Minangkabau. They marry the woman and slowly Batak Batak society many converts to Islam. During the Padri War in the early 19th century, the Minangkabau attacking ground forces the Batak and massive Islamization on Batak Mandailaing and Angkola.

    But the attack on the territory Toba Padri, can not Islamize the society, which they eventually made up of Protestants. Kingdom of Aceh in the north is also a role in Islamize Batak Karo and Pakpak. While Simelungun much exposed to the influence of Islam on the Malay community in the East coast of Sumatra.

    The spread of Christianity made by a German missionary in 1861. Previously, they published a book of grammar and dictionary Batak-Holland. With the aim that they can facilitate the spread of Christianity made by the German Christians and the Netherlands. Their target is the Batak Toba and Simelungun. Batak Karo also targeted Christian missionaries, so most Batak Karon there who embraced Christianity.

    When penkristenan done, and Toba Batak Karo can Christianized rapidly, so that by the 20th century, Christianity became their cultural identity. When Dutch Dutch colonialism in the soil plug Batak, Batak society is not much resistance to the colonial Dutch.


    Social stratification based Batak people on four principles, namely the difference tigkat age, rank and position differences, differences in the nature of authenticity, and marital status. Kinship group Batak tribes reside in rural areas called Huta or Kuta in terms of Karo. Usually one Huta inhabited by the family of the clan. There is also a group called the clan relatives taneh ie pariteral group descendant of the founder of Kuta. Highways are bound by certain symbols such surname.

    Small clan had a patrilineal relatives who still live in the area. Conversely large clan whose members live sdah many scattered, so do not know each other. But they can recognize members by surnames are always included his name behind.

    In the matter of marriage, in the tradition of Batak tribe can only marry someone Batak people of different clans. Therefore, if there are married have to find a life partner from another clan. If the marriage is someone who is not from the Batak tribe, then he should be adopted by one clan Batak (different clans). The event was followed by a procession of marriages performed in church when their religion is Christian.


    The language used by the Batak are Batak language. But some also exist that use the Malay language. Each tribe has a different accent. Slang Karo Karo people use, while the accent used by Batak Pakpak Pakpak, Simelungun accent used by Batak Simelungun, and dialect used by the Toba Batak Toba, Angkola and Mandailaing.


    Batak people are also familiar with the ancient system of mutual assistance in terms of cultivation. In the language of the activity Karo called Raron, while in Toba language it is called Decorative. A group of neighbors or relatives close together on the ground, and each member in turn. Raron it is an institution whose membership is strictly voluntary and the long standing depends on the approval of the participants.

    Technology and Equipment

    Batak people know and use simple tools that are used to grow crops in life. As hoe, plow (plow in Karo language), a single stick (crank in Karo language), sickle (sabi-sabi) or ani-ani. Batak society also has a traditional weapon, namely piso surit (a type of dagger), piso elephant densely packed (long keris), hujur (a type of spear), podang (a type of long sword). Other technological elements that loom to weave cloth Ulos.


    In general, the Batak people's livelihood is farming and paddy fields. Obtained from the division of the land based clan. Each ancestry mandapatkan ground earlier but should not be selling it. In addition to communal land while the privately owned land. In addition to agriculture, animal husbandry is also one of the Batak tribe livelihood. Domestic animals include buffalo, cows, pigs, goats, chickens, and ducks. People living around Lake Toba in part livelihood fishing. In addition, they worked in the craft sector. Handicrafts, among others, weaving, wicker, wood carving, pottery, and other nothing to do with tourism.
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