A cremation burial or cremation ceremony in Bali, Indonesia. Ngaben traditional ceremony is a ritual performed to send the bodies to the next life. In this ceremony, the body is located in the sleeping position. Bereaved family will assume that the deceased person is asleep. In this ceremony, no tears because they assume that the body is just not there for a while and undergo reincarnation or will find the final resting at Moksha is a condition in which the soul is free from the wheel of reincarnation and death. Cremation ceremony is also a symbol to purify the soul of the deceased.
In the Hindu religion, the human body is composed of the subtle body (soul or atma) and the gross body (physical). Gross body formed by the five elements known as Panca Maha Bhuta. The fifth element of earth (ground), cassia (fire), apah (water), wind (wind), and akasa (vacuum). Five of these elements together to form a physical and then moved by the spirit. If a person dies, the die is actually just a ballpark bodies alone while his spirit is not. Therefore, to purify the spirit, it is necessary to separate the cremation ceremony spirit with the body of a ballpark.
About the origin of the word cremation itself there are several opinions. Some say that cremation is derived from the word meaning Beya stock. Some argue from ngabu word that means to ashes. In addition, there are also saying that cremation is derived from the word Ngapen purification by fire. In Hindu belief, Brahwa or King of creator god known as the god of fire. Therefore, this ceremony can also be regarded as an attempt to burn the dirt in the form of rough bodies that are still attached to the spirit and restore the spirit of the Creator.
For the community in Bali, cremation is a happy moment for the ceremony, the parents or the children have obligations as a member of the family. Therefore, this ceremony is always greeted with joy without sobs. They believe that it is only inhibits sobs traveling spirit reaches nirwana.Hari suitable for cremation ceremonies are usually discussed with elders or people understand money. The body's body will be placed in a crate. This crate placed in a sarcophagus shaped ox or placed in a container shaped temple. The container is made of paper and wood. Shape or ox monastery was brought to the place of cremation through a procession. The procession is not running on a straight road as it aims to keep evil spirits from bodies.
The traditional ceremony is the culmination cremation procession overall combustion like structure ox or earlier monastery along with the bodies. Cremation procession usually requires a long time. For bodies that still have high caste, this ritual can be performed for 3 days. However, for the low caste families, the bodies should be buried first and then do cremation.
Cremation ceremony in Bali is usually done on a large scale such as a party, and costs a lot. Therefore, not a few people who do cremation ceremony in a long time interval after death. Currently, the Hindu community in Bali many who do mass cremation ceremony for costs. Thus, the bodies of the deceased were buried for a time while waiting for adequate costs. However, for families who can afford, custom cremation ceremony can be done as soon as possible.
Funeral rites performed by means of a cremation ceremony spectacular and dramatic as it is the final series of the wheels of human life on earth. According to Hinduism, the soul is immortal (perpetual) and after residing in the human body, will be reincarnated, but before being reincarnated, the spirit will pass through a phase in nirvana and be purified; and, in accordance with one's life on earth (karma), the spirit will be sent to a high or low caste, and cremation is the process of purification of the spirit of the sins of the past.
Philosophically, in Bali there are several primary means used in the ceremonies of death (cremation), the appropriate script Purwwa Tattwa Yama, among others; banana identity as color, Asep as eyes, rice angkeb as mouth, porridge pirata as voice, dukut off as anal, cup as the forehead, nose leaf as a wealthy timber, goad as eyelashes, eyebrows Java as, pili-pili as heartburn, ilang long as the tongue, ending as the lips, don rattan as backs, dust as gums, pengawak as spine, cane as arms, sandalwood as pinkie bone, spices as core or as atma. Panyugjug as roads, umbrella mameri as a guide at the front, shirt (cloths) as leather, fabric wangsul as the soles of the feet, as the knee cap, Ganjang / reward containing money as knee bone, sangku as bladder, fan as breathing, flesh sebagal box , three sampir as veins, and gagadhing, EMBA-embanan as head.
Therefore, the Balinese do not regard death as the end of everything but a new life phase. Therefore often utter the message as listed in the Bhagavadgita, namely, "the end of birth is death, the end of death is birth" which means the end of life is death and death is the beginning of life.