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    Thursday, April 9, 2015

    Story and History Simalaungun Bataknese Tribe Indonesia

    Duniacare-Story and History Simalungun Bataknese Tribe Indonesia.Here we go to know more about Bataknese Simalungun Tribe.This tribe come from Medan North Sumatera Indonesia.As I say that bataknese tribes have some of a part tribe like Karo tribe,Simalungun Tribe and Toba Tribe.So in this case we talk all about Story and History Bataknese Simalaungun tribe Indonesia.


    Simelungun Batak tribe, is one of the ethnic Bataknese concentrated in the district of North Sumatra province Simelungun.

    Batak tribe Simelungun residence region located between two ethnic Batak, namely Karo tribe residing in Tanah Karo district and Toba tribe. Simelungun language itself has similarities with the language and the language Karo Toba. So Simelungun language called middle Batak language.

    Most people today believe that Simelungun origin Simelungun people, said to come from India, rather than the Assam region, South India, from a place called Asom.
    Judging from the customs and cultural traditions of the Simelungun many similarities with the customs and cultural traditions and Batak Toba Batak Karo. This indicates the possibility of the tribes and their Simelungun and Batak Karo Batak Toba derived from a same place.

    Simelungun people speak Simelungun as everyday language. Early entry of Christianity to the region Simelungun in the past, the evangelists RMG Toba language to spread Christianity in society Simelungun tribe. In general, people can understand the Simelungun Batak Toba Batak language, which became the language of instruction in the past in the region around Lake Toba.

    Simelungun trust people in the past is the confidence associated with the use of incantations of "Datu" (shaman) with offerings to the spirits of the ancestors are always preceded by a call to the 3 god called Naibata, namely Naibata above (denoted by color White ), Naibata in the center (denoted by red color), and Naibata under (denoted by the color Black). These three colors represent the Gods (White, Red and Black) dominate various ethnic ornaments Simelungun from clothing to home decoration.

    In the myth Simelungun, it is said that man was originally sent by the Naibata and equipped with Sinumbah that can dwell in a variety of objects, such as kitchen tools and so on, so that these objects should be worshiped. Simelungun people call spirits of the dead as Simagot. Both Sinumbah and Simagot should be given victims idol so that they will gain the benefits of both the deity.

    Possibility in the past, never entered the territory Simelungun Hindu or Buddhist tradition, it is seen by the few relics of some of the sculptures and statues are found in several places in Simelungun associated with the Trimurti (Hindu) and Buddha Elephant ride.

    Simelungun society is patrilineal. Highways passed down to the next generation through the male. People who have the same surname is meant as collateral relatives so dipantangkan (not allowed) to marry each other.
    Clans of the tribe Simelungun consists of four original clans, namely:


    • Damanik
    • Ancient
    • Saragih
    • Sinaga


    The above four clans originating from the Kings clan in Simelungun. There was also the clans originating from outside Simelungun that long ago come to settle in indigenous territories Simelungun, then into sub-sections of 4 genera above.
    For the women, the clan called after said Boru (commonly abbreviated br.). If women Simelungun (eg: Maria Boru Saragih), married with man surnamed Purba, then he will be called as Maria Ancient Boru Saragih.

    Simelungun tribal communities also have a script, as well as ethnic-majority ethnic Batak have a script. Script used Simelungun tribe called alphabet letter Sisapuluhsiah.

    In survival, in general, people living Simelungun gardening with various plants and in rice or paddy fields. Rice as a staple food everyday and if the corn is additional food grain yield were not sufficient.


    Simalungun people or also called Batak Simelungun is one of the native tribes of North Sumatra province, Indonesia, who settled in Simalungun and surrounding areas. Some sources suggest that the ancestors of these tribes originated from South India region. Throughout the history of this tribe is divided into several kingdoms. Original clan Simelungun population is Damanik, and 3 genera entrants ie, Saragih, Sinaga, and Ancient. Then clan clan (family name) into four major clans in Simelungun.

    Batak people refer to this as an ethnic tribe "Si Balungu" of the legend of the ghost that cause epidemics in the region, while the East Karomenyebutnya because housed in the east of them.
    Origin

    There are various sources on the origins Simalungun people, but mostly tell that ancestors came from luarIndonesia Simalungun people.
    Arrival is divided into two waves :

        The first wave (Simelungun Proto), is expected to come from Nagore (South India) and the mountains of Assam (East Indian) around the 5th century, along Myanmar, to Siam and Malacca to the next crossing into East Sumatra and establish the kingdom of Rajadinasti Damanik Nagur.
        The second wave (Simelungun Second), came from tribes around Simelungun neighboring native tribes Simelungun.

    In Proto wave Simelungun above, Mr. Taralamsyah Saragihmenceritakan that the group consisting of the descendants of the 4 Kings of Siam and India is moving from the East to the Aceh region of Sumatra, Langkat, Wake Purba area, to the Caliph to Coal City.

    Then they were pushed by the local tribes to move to the outskirts of Lake Toba and Samosir.

    Pustaha Parpandanan Na Bolag (ancient Simelungun library) tells bahwaParpandanan Na Bolag (forerunner to the area Simelungun) is the oldest kingdom in East Sumatra region stems from Jayu (Malacca Strait coast) to the Toba. Most other sources mention that the territoryThere are Alas in Aceh up to the border Rokan River in Riau.

    Now, in Simalungun own, a result of the swift immigration, ethnic Simelungun only became a majority in the Upper Simelungun.
     Community life Simelungun

    Simelungun the livelihood system that is planting the corn padidan, because rice is the staple food everyday and if the corn is additional food grain yield were not sufficient. Buying and selling conducted by barter, the language used is the language dialect. "Highways" plays an important role in the matter of customary Simelungun. When compared with the situation Simelungun with other ethnic Batak have been much different.
    Language & Literacy

    Simalungun people using Simelungun language (language Simalungun: hata / Sahap Simelungun) as a mother tongue. The rapid effect of the surrounding tribes resulted in some parts Simalungun people use Malay, Karo Batak, and so on. Use of Batak is largely due to the use of this language as the language of instruction by RMG evangelists who spread Christianity in the Tribe's.

    Script used Simelungun tribe called alphabet letter Sisapuluhsiah.
    Trust

    When probed deeper Simelungun tribes have various beliefs associated with the use of incantations of "Datu" (shaman) with offerings to the spirits of the ancestors are always preceded by a call to the Three Gods called Naibata, namely Naibata above (denoted by color White), Naibata in the middle (denoted by red color), danNaibata under (denoted by the color Black). 3 colors representing the Gods (White, Red and Black) dominate various ethnic ornaments Simelungun from clothing to home decoration.

    Simelungun people believe that the man was sent to the world by naibata and equipped with Sinumbah which can also settle in the various objects, such as kitchen tools and so on, so that these objects should be worshiped. Simelungun people call spirits of the dead as Simagot. Both Sinumbah and Simagot should be given victims idol so that they will gain the benefits of both the deity.
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