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    Tuesday, May 5, 2015

    About Batik


    Duniacare - About Batik.Batik is one way hand made creation to make a dress in traditional of indonesia in few years ago.And now batik already grow and go modern style like to making batik batik already make by machine fabric.But hand made still looking for high quality.Besides batik can refer to two things.the first is technique of coloring cloth using the night prevent staining part of the fabric.In the international literature,this technique is know as wax resist dyeing.The second nation is cloth or clothing made with these technique,including the use of certain motif that have specificty.Batik Indonesia, as the overall engineering,technology and development related motives and culture has been design by UNESCO as a Cultural Heritage Humanity's Oral and non-material since October 2, 2009.

    Original Culture Batik Indonesia who is currently becoming a fashion typical of the state of Indonesia. Batik is not just traditional fabrics with various shades. In the batik also have a history and value - the value of the traditions of the Indonesian people are very valuable. When compared with the fabric - ordinary cloth batik has more artistic value appropriate for all ages. Batik cloth used as clothing which is generally used when there is a formal event. Batik is one of Indonesia's cultural wealth that is priceless. Since October 2, 2009 UNESCO establish batik as an Indonesian cultural heritage of the original. Constructing the international recognition of the Indonesian nation will be proud of batik culture and preserve the existence of batik with increasingly widespread in the archipelago.


    Batik history:
    Art coloring cloth barrier staining technique using night is one of the ancient art form. Discoveries in Egypt shows that this technique has been known since the 4th century BC, with the discovery of the mummy wrapping cloth which is also coated with a night to form a pattern. In Asia, a similar technique of batik is also applied in China during the Tan Dynasty (618-907) as well as in India and Japan during the Nara Period (645-794). In Africa, such as batik technique known by the Yoruba tribe in Nigeria, as well as the Tribe Soninke and Wolof in Senegal. In Indonesia, batik is believed to have existed since the time of Majapahit, and became very popular late eighteenth century or early nineteenth century. Produced batik batik is all up to the early twentieth century and new batik known after World War I, or around 1920

    Although the word (batik) derived from the Javanese, batik presence in Java itself is not recorded. G.P. Rouffaer found batik technique is likely to be introduced from India or Sri Lanka in the 6th century or the 7th. On the other hand, J.L.A. Brandes (Dutch archaeologist) and F.A. Sutjipto (historian Indonesia) believe that the tradition of batik is a native of the area such as Toraja, Flores, Halmahera, and Papua. It should be noted that the region is not an area that is influenced by Hinduism, but is known to have an ancient tradition of making batik.
    G.P. Rouffaer also reported that gringsing pattern has been known since the 12th century in Kediri, East Java. He concluded that this pattern could only be formed by using the tool canting, so he found canting found in Java at the time about it. Detailed carvings that resemble the pattern of batik cloth worn by Prajnaparamita, the statue of the Buddhist goddess of wisdom from the East Java 13th century. Detailed apparel featuring patterns vines and flowers complex similar to traditional Javanese batik pattern that can be found today. This suggests that making intricate batik pattern that can only be made with a canting has been known in Java since the 13th century or even earlier.

    Batik developments in Indonesia
    History of batik in Indonesia related to the development of the Majapahit kingdom and the kingdom afterwards. In some records, the development of batik is mostly done in the times of the kingdom of Mataram, then in the kingdom of Solo and Yogyakarta.

    Batik art is an art picture on cloth for clothing that became one of the family culture Indonesian kings of old. Batik initially worked only limited in the palace alone and the result for the king's clothes and family and his followers. Therefore, many of the followers of the king who lived outside the palace, the art of batik was brought by the palace and carried them out in place of each.

    In the development of this batik art gradually imitated by the people nearby and subsequently expanded into women's work in the household to fill his spare time. Furthermore, batik clothes that used only the royal family, then became a popular folk clothing, both women and men.

    White fabric that is used when it is the result of homespun. Coloring materials being used consist of plants native to Indonesia made themselves among others: noni tree, tall, Soga, indigo, and soda material made from soda ash, as well as salts made from mud.

    So this batik in Indonesia has been known since the time of Majapahit kingdom and continued to grow until the next kingdom. As for starting the spread of this batik art belongs to the people of Indonesia and Java in particular tribe is after the end of the eighteenth century or early nineteenth century. Produced batik batik is all until the early twentieth century and printed batik known after the war new world of unity or around 1920. Now batik has become part of traditional Indonesian clothing.
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