duniacare.com - Angklung Music Instrument.Angklung is a music instrumental in javanese culture.Angklung very have a unique history from javanese.Angklung make from bamboo musical instrumental played by vibrate.The resulting sound is effect by of the collision bamboo tubes that make up the instrument.These instruments are classified into types idiofon or instrument sound source music that come from the base ingredients.Angklung music instrumental is generally know from the area of west java.Since november 2010,UNESCO set is as one of the world's cultural heritage,with the category of Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
Angklung Musical Instrumental from West of Java and popular by javanese.Here below for more detail explaining Angklun musical instrumental.
Said angklung supposedly comes from the Sundanese (angkleung-angkleungan), which describes the motion of the players Angklung body swaying to the rhythm of the sound. However, there also are convinced angklung word comes from Klung, imitation sound of the bamboo instrument. While the other theory says, the word "angklung" comes from the Balinese language, which is a number and lung. Figures mean tone, while lung means broken, or in other words, meaningful tone angklung incomplete.
According to Dr. Groneman, Angklung has existed in the land of the archipelago, even before the Hindu era. According to Jaap Kunst in his book Music in Java, other than in West Java, Angklung can also be found in the area of South Sumatra and Kalimantan. Beyond that, the people of Lampung, East Java and Central Java are also familiar with the instrument.
The Hindu era, the era of the Kingdom of Sunda, Angklung become an important instrument in various celebrations, particularly with regard to the rites of planting, especially rice. In the neighborhood of the Kingdom of Sunda, recorded since the 7th century, Angklung played as a form of worship to Dewi Sri (the goddess of rice / goddess of fertility), that He may bestow his blessing on crops and people's lives. Not only as a medium of worship of the gods, in the days of the Kingdom of Sunda, Angklung is also a musical instrument played as morale boosters in the war, including the Bubat War, as told in the Song of Sunda.
Today, an instrument Angklung Angklung gubrag oldest still preserved. Angklung is made in the 17th century in Jasinga, Bogor. Other ancient angklung can still track down there in Sri Baduga Museum, Bandung. Meanwhile, Angklung most old traditions can be found in communities Kanekes (Baduy), precisely in Lebak, Banten. To this day, they are still functioning as the angklung which inherited his ancestors, which accompany the rite planting.
In 1938, Daeng Soetigna, citizens of Bandung, create angklung in diatonic scales. Angklung Daeng Sutigna innovation is different from the angklung in general are based on scales trradisional pelog or salendro. Innovation is then made freely Angklung be played in harmony with Western musical instruments, and even can be presented in the form of an orchestra. Since that time, more and reap Angklung popularity, until finally the United Nations, through UNESCO, on 18 November 2012, recognizing it as a world heritage that must be preserved. After Daeng Soetigna, one of his students, Udjo Ngalagena, continuing efforts to popularize Angklung Master findings, by way of establishing "Saung Angklung" in Bandung. To this day, the place became known as the "Saung Angklung Udjo" is still a center of creativity with regard to Angklung
Types of Angklung
Kanekes Angklung Angklung is played by the public Kanekes (Baduy), in Banten. As mentioned earlier, Angklung traditions that exist in society Kanekes is fairly ancient, and still preserved as exemplified function of their ancestors, which accompany the rite planting (rice). Kanekes society, which is divided into two groups, namely the Outer Baduy group (Kajeroan) and group Baduy (Kaluaran Affairs), which is entitled to make Angklung only Bedouin citizens Jero, it was not everyone, but only those who are descendants of Angklung makers. Meanwhile, residents of Outer Baduy not make Angklung, but simply buy it from Bedouin citizens Jero. The names Angklung in Kanekes of the largest are: ovaries, ringkung, dongdong, gossip, engklok, ovary leutik, torolok, and roel.
Angklung Dogdog Lojor
Art Dogdog Lojor contained in Kasepuhan Pancer Pangawinan communities, which inhabit about Mountain Mist, which borders with Jakarta, Bogor and Lebak. Lojor Dogdog term itself actually taken from the name of one of the instruments in this tradition, namely Dogdog Lojor. However, Angklung also get a portion that is not important here, especially in the function of tradition, ie as an accompaniment rite planting. Having people there to Islam, in its development, the arts are also used to accompany circumcision and marriage. In Dogdog Lojor art, there are two instruments Dogdog Lojor and 4 large angklung instruments.
Badeng Angklung is an art that uses as its main instrument. Art Badeng Sanding there in the village, District Malangbong, Garut. Along with the development of Islam, Art Badeng also used for the purposes of propaganda and entertainment. However, it is believed in the art Badeng Angklung also have the same roots tradition, ie as an accompaniment rite planting. In art Badeng, played 9 pieces Angklung, namely 2 roel angklung, angklung kecer 1, 4 and angklung angklung ovary father, two children angklung; 2 pieces dogdog, 2 fruit fly or Gembyung, and 1 kecrek.
In addition to the three above Angklung arts tradition, many other areas in West Java who also inherited the tradition of Angklung, call it Angklung Beans (Priangan / Bandung), Angklung Badud (Priangan East / Ciamis), and Angklung Bungko (Indramayu).
Angklung Angklung Padaeng is now widely known, namely Angklung Daeng results Soetigna innovation, which uses diatonic scales. In line with the theory of music, Angklung Padaeng is specifically classified into two, namely: angklung angklung melody and accompaniment. Angklung melody is specifically made up of two tubes with different tone of voice one octave. On one unit angklung, angklung melody generally there are 31 small and 11 large melody angklung. Meanwhile, angklung angklung accompaniment is used as an accompanist to play tunes harmony. Voice tube consists of 3 to 4, according to the diatonic chord. After Daeng Soetigna innovation, other reforms to the angklung continues to grow. Some of them are: Angklung Sarinande, Arumba, Toel Angklung and Angklung Sri Murni.
Angklung Playing Technique
Plays an angklung is basically very simple, namely the one hand the framework of angklung, and the other hand to produce a sound swing. There are three basic techniques wiggle angklung, namely:
Kurulung (shakes), is the most commonly used technique, where one hand holds the frame angklung, angklung wiggle and the other hand over the desired tone, until tubes bamboo successive collided and produce sounds.
Cetok (jerky), which is a technique in which the base tube is pulled quickly by finger into the palm of the right hand, so angklung will sound once only (stacato).
Tengkep, which is similar techniques as kurulung, but one did not participate were detained tubes vibrate.
That's all about Angklung music instrumental from West of java and popular by javanese.If this post useful please share with your trough.