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    Thursday, May 7, 2015

    Samin tribe Javanese


    Duniacare - Samin tribe Javanese.Samin tribe is a native who resided on the island of Java. Precisely in the area of ​​East Java and Central Java. Samin tribe settlements are located around the mountains Kendeng that extends from Pati in Central Java, to Tuban in East Java. In addition to the call Samin Samin or fighters, there are some other names used to refer to the followers of this Saminisme, like Wong Samin (Samin), wong Sikep (the Sikep), Sedulur Sikep or the Kalang. For the latter, it is used as an insult to the people Samin, as the jungle or forest people who do not know manners.

    There are many things that is unique about this Samin tribe, one of which language they use daily. Although using the Java language, but the dialect as well as their language systems different from those in the Java community in general. Similarly, the manner of their dress. They are often seen wearing black clothes. Moreover Saminists conservatives, who never wore a cap, jeans especially T-shirts.

    But the most unique is the view of his life. Sikep people highly value honesty, compassion, brotherhood and love the environment and the universe. In Sedulur Sikep community, especially for those who are conservative, not found any one community member who works as a trader.

    For them, trade is the entrance for dishonesty, greed and hedonism Indeed in the trade, known as profit or gain. Profit is what will be the destination often justify any means to achieve it. But it does not apply to people Samin. Profit is a reflection of dishonesty. One thing that is strictly forbidden in Saminisme teachings.

    Samin people actually do not like the term "Wong Samin", because the term implies not commendable is considered a group of people who do not want to pay taxes, are often denied and denied predefined rules often out of jail, often stealing teak and marriage not carried out according to Islamic law. Saminisme followers prefer to be called "Wong Sikep", meaning that the person responsible, a term for people who connotes good and honest.
    Samin teachings
    Understood Saminisme called "Religion of Adam". Saminisme teachings were passed on until now actually raises the values ​​of truth, simplicity, unity, justice, and hard work.
    Samin teachings there are three, namely:
    1. Angger-angger pangucap (legally speaking)
    2. Angger-angger Pratikel (legal actions)
    3. Angger-angger lakonono (legal issue that needs to be run).
    Samin teachings concept
    Followers of the teachings of Samin has 6 teachings, namely:
    1. Do not go to school
    2. Do not wear a cap, but wearing iket a kind of cloth tied around the head like the ancient Javanese.
    3. Not polygamy
    4. Do not wear long pants, and just wear knee-length pants
    5. Do not trade
    6. The rejection of capitalism.

    Language
    Samin movement is the core of the Java language ngoko through rough and often accompanied samepa (parable). For them to respect other people are not from the language used but the attitude and actions indicated.
    Social organizations and Kinship Systems

    Samin community has much in common with Java kinship in general. Designations and penyebutannya same way. It's just that they are not too familiar with blood relations or more generations or more after the grandfather or grandmother. Good neighbor adjacency relationships outside the community Samin Samin well maintained. In maintaining and preserving kinship Samin community has a tradition to visit each other, especially when one has a family residence lavatory though far.
    According Samin, marriage is very important. In his teachings that marriage is a tool to achieve nobility onwards to create a noble son (Atmaja (u) Tama). In the teachings of Samin, in a marriage the groom is required to recite the shahada, which reads thus: "since the prophet Adam my job is to mate. (This time) to marry a woman named .... I pledge allegiance to him. Living together we have lived both ". According to the Samin marriage was considered valid even if the parents of the bride in marriage only.

    Art
    Ceremonial traditions that exist in society Samin among others, nyadran (clean villages) as well as a drain on resources iar old wells are many benefits to society. Slamatan traditions associated with the life cycle ie, pregnancy, birth, circumcision, marriage and death. They do traditional simple.
    As for the art they are, tayup dance, and puppet tengul. Tayup dance is a popular social dance for Bojonegoro and surrounding communities. This dance is usually performed by a man accompanied by gamelan and Javanese song-song sung by the poem Waranggono terms with the advice and teachings. Wayang puppet tengul is typical bojonegoro in the form of three-dimensional with the accompaniment of gamelan pelog or slendro.

    Livelihood
    Most people today are farmers Samin. Outlook is very positive for the environment, they utilize nature for example, take the wood just enough never mengeploitasi. It is the same in accordance with the public mind Samin fairly simple, not overdone, and what it is. Land for them like a mother herself, it means giving life to their land. As traditional farmers then they treat the land as well as possible.

    Science
    Outlook is very positive for the environment, they utilize nature for example, take the wood just enough never mengeploitasi. It is the same in accordance with the public mind Samin fairly simple, not overdone, and what it is. Land for them like a mother herself, it means giving life to their land. As traditional farmers then they treat the land as well as possible. In the processing of land (plant to plant) their only season that is only based on the wet and the dry. Samin community aware of the contents and the natural resources run out or not depending on the wearer.

    Technology
    Samin community known as innocence, kejujuan and what it is, do not do weird and always obey the rules. Samin clothing usually consists of long sleeves do not wear collars, black. Men wearing headband. To shape wear women's clothes long sleeve, berkain limited under the kneecap or above the ankles. Even Samin community trying to maintain tradition but do not fail to influence the progress of time also affects them. For example, the use of tractors and chemical fertilizers in agriculture, household items from plastic, aluminum, and others. The expected age is not lost terpupus positive values ​​or local knowledge existing at Samin society, such as honesty, and wisdom in using nature, the spirit of mutual help and mutual help are still high.
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