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    Monday, May 4, 2015

    Wayang Golek Theater of Java


    duniacare.com - Wayang Golek Theater of Java.The wayang golek is the painted wooden puppets on the preceding page are old examples from the still thriving and important folk art javanese puppet theater from west of java Indonesia.Wayang golek one of culture java javanese already going internation bring by artist profesional indonesia.The puppets of Wayang Golek illustrated on these pages were actually used for many years in theater celebrating of javaense.Javanese playing this culture old history for one of show folk art in traditional celebrating like marriage.And now it's not just for traditional celebrating the performance already going to were given in towns on java Indonesia and villages holidays and for a variety of festival, as were shadow puppet playing.To play Wayang Golek is call Dalang.Dalang is a master of puppets in wayang golek playing.Dalang call too master of puppets,manipulated the puppet performance on shadow,spoke their part,and coordinate the puppet's action with a traditional music java like gamelan music instrumental.

    Wayang golek play and set by dalang.Dalang ( master's puppets) - Anne Richter has described the stories as follows:  "The most frequently performed narratives derive from the Hindu epics. The Arjuna Sasra Bahu and Ramayana cycles concern the affairs of the noble Rama himself and his ancestors. Favorite stories concern Rama's marriage to Sinta; their banishment to the forest together with his brother Laksmana; Sinta's abduction by the monster king Rahwana; and her subsequent rescue, with the aid of the monkey king and after numerous battles, from  the kingdom of Sri Lanka. The Ramayana contains many episodes from the lives of these characters which are emphasized in varying degrees to form separate plays in their own right.  

    An Indonesian dalang from Cibiru in Western Java.  Mimi Herbert, Voices of the Puppet Masters, 2002, Honolulu.
    The Mahahharata tells of the conflict between the superior Pandewa brothers (Judistra, Bima, Arjuna, Nakula and Sadewa) and their hundred jealous and mendacious cousins, the Kurewas, who drive them away from their home at the court of Astina, to wander in the wild.  In the forest the Pandewas build the lovely and idealized kingdom of Amarta where the majority of the plays are set. The heroic quests, battles with vile ogres and scenes of romantic love are made all the more poignant by the knowledge that the glory and beauty are fleeting. Events are presented as taking place in Java rather than India, and the heroic Pandewas, descendants of Vishnu, are the ancestors of the Javanese kings. Many episodes have simply been invented by puppeteers over generations.  
    The court scenes also allow scope for the comic misadventures and intrigue of the Pandewas' clown servants, the Punakawans:  Semar the wise, whose identity is thought to have evolved from that of the pre-Hindu Javanese god Ismaya and his sons. The inane and melancholic Gareng, with his round drooping nose, is the butt of jokes and tricks played by the sharp Petruk. Philosophical and mystical speculations made by the refined characters provide an intellectual and spiritual dimension for members of the audience with a taste for high seriousness."
    Richter describes the puppet making itself:  "Like so many other crafts in Indonesia, making wayang golek is a skill handed down through families. The master puppet-maker usually makes the head because it expresses the personality of the puppet. Ceremonies are performed before commencing a deity or a demon. A piece of light, local softwood, which is easy to carve and not too heavy to hold up during a performance, is sawed or chopped down to the right size, and the main features are roughly chiseled. After sanding, fine decorations such as the parts of a crown are carved in with more care and sanded. The smooth surface receives a coat of glue-based paint, which will enable subsequent coats to adhere well.  Lips, flowers and some bits of jewelry are painted red, as are the irises of angry characters. Blue is also used for eyes and sapphire jewelry. Fine black lines are painted for eyes, eyebrows, moustaches and wisps of hair....Bodies are often made by younger members of the family, and arms are attached at the elbow and shoulders with string so that they move easily. The shapes of hands also express character and role; those of nobles stretch out gracefully, but servants and commoners have large open palms. A rod passes from a hole in the base of the puppet's head and down through the body to form a handle. Costumes are usually made by wives. ...Since the stories portray historical and human rather than divine affairs, the puppets, like those used for history plays, are always fully clothed in Central Javanese traditional dress with batik sarongs.

    A  wayang golek puppet carver in West Java.   Voices of the Puppet Masters, Mimi Herbert, 2002, Honolulu. .              
    Puppet body types can be identified across a spectrum which ranges from alus (extremely refined) to kasar (extremely rough and crude).  Refined, virtuous characters have small dainty bodies, slitted oval eyes with pupils shaped like rice grains, pointed noses and a modest downward gaze...  Vigorous or turbulent characters have a more direct and confrontational stare. As the personality of the puppet becomes less refined, there is an increase in size; the nose becomes heavier and blunter; eyes and pupils become larger and rounder and the gaze more aggressive; teeth and gums may be exposed in a snarl or a foolish sneer.  The more refined middle-sized puppets may represent courageous but impetuous kings and heroes; the coarser ones suggest an uncontrolled or evil nature. The largest puppets are used for those whose greatest attribute is physical strength."

    Richter concludes, "It is the mixture of courtly, mystical and popular elements that allows traditional theatre to be so loved by so many people."

    That's all about "Wayang Golek Puppets art" and playing by "dalang" master of puppets.If this srticles usful for you are please share with your trough.
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    Item Reviewed: Wayang Golek Theater of Java Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Rizsky Ananda
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